Ayurveda 

ah-yer-vey-duh (skt.) 

Ayurveda is traditional, plant-based medicine originating in the Indus Valley, now India and South Asia. Although the first written record of Ayurveda is said to have been written 5,000 years ago, historians have found information indicating that it has been practiced for much longer than that. Ayurveda spread to become the basis of most medical modalities today, including: 

Chinese Traditional Medicine 
Tibetan Traditional Medicine 
Unani 
African Traditional Medicine 

Ayurveda focuses on restoring health by targetting a person's mind, body, and soul; instead of treating just the symptoms. This indivdualized and holistic approach allows Ayurveda to be one of the most advanced medical modalities in the world.